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bibliographie:grady_tower [2015/09/21 15:19]
luc [Écrits et publications]
bibliographie:grady_tower [2015/09/29 09:47] (Version actuelle)
luc [Biographie]
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 ===== Biographie ===== ===== Biographie =====
  
-Grady M Towers était un [[articles:THQI|THQI]] faisant partie de l'organisation [[wp>Triple_Nine_Society|Triple Nine Society]] ([[http://www.polymath-systems.com/intel/hiqsocs/hiqarch/tnregent/tnsexa96.html|confirmé]]), de [[wp>Prometheus_Society|The Prometheus Society]] ([[http://www.prometheussociety.org/officers/index.html|confirmé]]), de [[wp>Mega_Society|The Mega Society]] ([[http://www.megasociety.net/noesis/149/|confirmé ?]]), de [[http://www.toponesociety.com|Top One Percent Society]] (à confirmer).+Grady M Towers était un [[articles:THQI|THQI]] faisant partie de l'organisation [[wp>Triple_Nine_Society|Triple Nine Society]] ([[http://www.polymath-systems.com/intel/hiqsocs/hiqarch/tnregent/tnsexa96.html|confirmé]]), de [[wp>Prometheus_Society|The Prometheus Society]] ([[http://www.prometheussociety.org/officers/index.html|confirmé]]), de [[wp>Mega_Society|The Mega Society]] ([[http://www.megasociety.net/noesis/149/|confirmé]]), de [[http://www.toponesociety.com|Top One Percent Society]] (à confirmer).
  
-une époque, il a été anthropologue, et a vécu plusieurs années avec une tribu indienne.+À une époque, il a été anthropologue, et a vécu plusieurs années avec une tribu indienne.
  
 Il a été en contact avec les sociétés pour très hauts QI pendant des années, principalement en écrivant des articles et en les proposant à la publication dans le journal de ces sociétés, et en maintenant une correspondance avec quelques personnes qu'il a sélectionnées avec soin. Il a contribué à l'étalonnage de tests utilisés par The Mega Society (une personne sur un million). Il a été en contact avec les sociétés pour très hauts QI pendant des années, principalement en écrivant des articles et en les proposant à la publication dans le journal de ces sociétés, et en maintenant une correspondance avec quelques personnes qu'il a sélectionnées avec soin. Il a contribué à l'étalonnage de tests utilisés par The Mega Society (une personne sur un million).
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 [[http://hiqnews.megafoundation.org/Terman_Summary.htm|The Terman Study]] : Ce commentaire de l'étude de Terman n'est pas de Grady M. Towers, mais cite The Outsiders [[http://hiqnews.megafoundation.org/Terman_Summary.htm|The Terman Study]] : Ce commentaire de l'étude de Terman n'est pas de Grady M. Towers, mais cite The Outsiders
  
-  * [[http://www.eskimo.com/~miyaguch/grady/emptypromise.html|The Empty Promise]] -- Après que [[wp>Lewis_Terman|Lewis M. Terman]] ait indiqué qu'un QI très élevé dans l'enfance n'était pas un prédicteur de réussite sociale, l'auteur tente de démontrer que la réussite sociale nécessite un haut QI, et y parvient partiellement (QI moyen de ceux "qui ont réussi" : 125, avec une forte dispersion). Note : l'auteur n'étudie pas l'hypothèse selon laquelle un très haut QI dans l'enfance pourrait être un handicap à la réussite sociale, pour cause d'isolement social. +  * [[http://miyaguchi.4sigma.org/gradytowers/emptypromise.html|The Empty Promise]] -- Après que [[wp>Lewis_Terman|Lewis M. Terman]] ait indiqué qu'un QI très élevé dans l'enfance n'était pas un prédicteur de réussite sociale, l'auteur tente de démontrer que la réussite sociale nécessite un haut QI, et y parvient partiellement (QI moyen de ceux "qui ont réussi" : 125, avec une forte dispersion). Note : l'auteur n'étudie pas l'hypothèse selon laquelle un très haut QI dans l'enfance pourrait être un handicap à la réussite sociale, pour cause d'isolement social. 
-  * Theories of Multiple Intelligence+  * [[http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-chat/2242985/posts|Theories of Multiple Intelligence]]
  
 <spoiler |Theories of Multiple Intelligence – texte complet >The mathematical technique called factor analysis was invented by psychologists specifically to answer the age old question, "Is there more than one kind of intelligence?" We now know that there are two: one called fluid g, measured by culture fair tests such as the Raven Progressive Matrices or the LAIT, and another called crystallized g, measured by culture loaded tests like the Concept Mastery Test or the Miller Analogies Test. What we call g has been defined as the ability to "educe relations and correlates," or in more everyday terms, the abilities for inductive ("relations") and deductive ("correlates") reasoning. Culture fair tests measure the ability to educe relations and correlates using abstract diagrams, and other material that requires only a minimum of formal learning. Culture loaded tests measure the ability to educe relations and correlates using learned and over learned material, such as vocabulary, algorithms for arithmetic or multiplication, recognition of common objects and their uses, etc. Ordinary IQ tests measure both kinds of intelligence, but not necessarily to the same degree; they are generally biased in favor of crystallized g.\\ <spoiler |Theories of Multiple Intelligence – texte complet >The mathematical technique called factor analysis was invented by psychologists specifically to answer the age old question, "Is there more than one kind of intelligence?" We now know that there are two: one called fluid g, measured by culture fair tests such as the Raven Progressive Matrices or the LAIT, and another called crystallized g, measured by culture loaded tests like the Concept Mastery Test or the Miller Analogies Test. What we call g has been defined as the ability to "educe relations and correlates," or in more everyday terms, the abilities for inductive ("relations") and deductive ("correlates") reasoning. Culture fair tests measure the ability to educe relations and correlates using abstract diagrams, and other material that requires only a minimum of formal learning. Culture loaded tests measure the ability to educe relations and correlates using learned and over learned material, such as vocabulary, algorithms for arithmetic or multiplication, recognition of common objects and their uses, etc. Ordinary IQ tests measure both kinds of intelligence, but not necessarily to the same degree; they are generally biased in favor of crystallized g.\\
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 Source : http://www.prometheussociety.org</spoiler> Source : http://www.prometheussociety.org</spoiler>
  
-  * Intelligence and g +  * [[http://miyaguchi.4sigma.org/gradytowers/iq_intell.html|IQ vs. Intelligence]] 
-<spoiler |Intelligence and g – texte complet >Did you know that //Homo erectus// had an IQ of about 45? This is not just a guess, but the result of an experiment carried out by Thomas Wynn, an anthropologist at the University of Colorado.\\+<spoiler |IQ vs. Intelligence – texte complet >Did you know that //Homo erectus// had an IQ of about 45? This is not just a guess, but the result of an experiment carried out by Thomas Wynn, an anthropologist at the University of Colorado.\\
 \\ \\
 //Homo erectus// produced a category of stone tool that anthropologists call the Acheulean tool industry. Dr. Wynn discovered that it takes a mental age of at least seven years to learn how to reproduce an Acheulean tool. Using the classic formula\\ //Homo erectus// produced a category of stone tool that anthropologists call the Acheulean tool industry. Dr. Wynn discovered that it takes a mental age of at least seven years to learn how to reproduce an Acheulean tool. Using the classic formula\\
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 IQ tests measure something real and something terribly important, but they do not assess all of what is called intelligence. Many important mental abilities are left out. Abilities responsible for art, music, dance, cooking, mechanical invention, clerical exactness, foreign languages, caring for a baby, defeating an enemy in war, and so on, have little connection with IQ. They have little connection because literacy and numeracy have little to do with excellence in these fields.\\ IQ tests measure something real and something terribly important, but they do not assess all of what is called intelligence. Many important mental abilities are left out. Abilities responsible for art, music, dance, cooking, mechanical invention, clerical exactness, foreign languages, caring for a baby, defeating an enemy in war, and so on, have little connection with IQ. They have little connection because literacy and numeracy have little to do with excellence in these fields.\\
 \\ \\
-IQ tests are powerful predictors only in the fields in which literacy and numeracy are of central importance. These are the core abilities responsible for the creation, maintenance and progress of civilization. Without them there could be no literature, law, religion, philosophy. There could also be no mathematics, science, technology, market economy, computer science, etc. No one could have more respect for these qualities than I have, but I don't mistake them for an index of human worth. There are other mental qualities of equal worth not assessed by IQ tests.\\ +IQ tests are powerful predictors only in the fields in which literacy and numeracy are of central importance. These are the core abilities responsible for the creation, maintenance and progress of civilization. Without them there could be no literature, law, religion, philosophy. There could also be no mathematics, science, technology, market economy, computer science, etc. No one could have more respect for these qualities than I have, but I don't mistake them for an index of human worth. There are other mental qualities of equal worth not assessed by IQ tests.</spoiler>
-\\ +
-Source : http://www.eskimo.com/~miyaguch/grady/iq_intell.html</spoiler>+
  
- +  * [[https://web.archive.org/web/20130902025647/http://www.eskimo.com/~miyaguch/grady/realworld.html|IQ and real world success]] 
-  * [[http://www.eskimo.com/~miyaguch/grady/iq_intell.html|IQ vs. Intelligence]] +  * [[http://miyaguchi.4sigma.org/gradytowers/diff_intell.html|Different Kinds of Intelligence]] 
-  * [[http://www.eskimo.com/~miyaguch/grady/realworld.html|IQ and real world success]] +  * [[http://miyaguchi.4sigma.org/gradytowers/societies.html|On using multiple tests for high IQ society admissions]] and [[http://miyaguchi.4sigma.org/gradytowers/followup.html|Followup]] 
-  * [[http://www.eskimo.com/~miyaguch/grady/diff_intell.html|Different Kinds of Intelligence]] +  * [[http://miyaguchi.4sigma.org/gradytowers/about_rasch.html|About Rasch scores]] 
-  * [[http://www.eskimo.com/~miyaguch/grady/societies.html|On using multiple tests for high IQ society admissions]] +  * [[http://miyaguchi.4sigma.org/gradytowers/howtonorm.html|How To Norm a Super-High IQ Test]]
-  * [[http://www.eskimo.com/~miyaguch/grady/about_rasch.html|About Rasch scores]]+
   * [[http://www.megasociety.net/noesis/149/iq&pear.html|IQ, Creativity and the Twisted Pear, or Why the Sidekick Gets the Girl]]   * [[http://www.megasociety.net/noesis/149/iq&pear.html|IQ, Creativity and the Twisted Pear, or Why the Sidekick Gets the Girl]]
   * [[http://prometheussociety.org/cms/index.php/articles/da-capo|Da Capo]]   * [[http://prometheussociety.org/cms/index.php/articles/da-capo|Da Capo]]
 +
 ===== Annexes ===== ===== Annexes =====
  
 ==== Articles connexes ==== ==== Articles connexes ====
 +
 [[articles:THQI]] -- Problèmes fréquemment rencontrés, témoignages, positionnement social \\ [[articles:THQI]] -- Problèmes fréquemment rencontrés, témoignages, positionnement social \\
 [[articles:qi]] [[articles:qi]]
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